Item 16. Exhibits.
The exhibits required by Item 601 of Regulation S-K and
Item 16 of this Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement on Form S-3 are listed in the Exhibit Index immediately
preceding the exhibits and such list is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 17. Undertakings.
(a) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:
(1) To file, during any period in which offers
or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:
(i) To include any prospectus
required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act.
(ii) To reflect in the prospectus
any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment
thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration
statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of
securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum
offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate,
the changes in volume and price represent no more than a 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation
of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement.
(iii) To include any material
information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change
to such information in the registration statement.
provided, however, that paragraphs (i), (ii) and (iii) do
not apply if the registration statement is on Form S-3 and the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment
by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to Section 13
or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in
a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is part of the registration statement;
(2) That, for the purpose of determining any
liability under the Securities Act, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating
to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide
(3) To remove from registration by means of
a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
(5) That, for the purpose of determining liability
under the Securities Act to any purchaser:
(i) If the registrant is relying
on Rule 430B,
(A) Each prospectus filed by the registrant
pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was
deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and
(B) Each prospectus required to be filed
pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5) or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to
an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii) or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required
by Section 10(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as
of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale
of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer
and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement
relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities
at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however, that no statement made
in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed
incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to
a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the
registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior
to such effective date; or