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PROTEON THERAPEUTICS INC filed this Form S-1 on 09/16/2014
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Primary Unassisted Patency—All AVFs


        The table below shows the primary unassisted patency data in the placebo and PRT-201 treatment groups.

Reduction in Risk of Primary Unassisted Patency Loss vs. Placebo—All AVFs

10 microgram
30 microgram

Number of Patients

  N=51   N=49

Unadjusted Risk vs. Placebo

  -31% (p=0.19)   -33% (p=0.17)

Adjusted Risk(1) vs. Placebo

  -24% (p=0.35)   -41% (p=0.10)

Note:    Prespecified analysis.

Adjusted for differences in baseline characteristics associated with the risk of primary unassisted patency loss between treatment groups using a prespecified Cox regression analysis.

        Patients completing 12 months of follow-up in the initial trial were followed in a registry to obtain additional data related to the efficacy endpoints. In this follow-up, the PRT-201 benefit on primary unassisted patency persisted out to 900 days.

        Radiocephalic AVFs.    The benefit of PRT-201 on primary unassisted patency was most pronounced in the subset of patients undergoing placement of a radiocephalic AVF than in the subset of patients undergoing placement of a brachiocephalic AVF or all patients undergoing placement of an AVF. The subset analysis of this endpoint was not prespecified. The following Kaplan-Meier curves and table summarize the reduction in risk of primary unassisted patency loss in the subset of patients with radiocephalic AVFs. Treatment with PRT-201 at doses of 10 and 30 micrograms was associated with a reduction of 41% and 63%, respectively, in the risk of primary unassisted patency loss. Median patency was 125 days in the placebo group and 377 days in the 30 microgram group (in some cases the 12 month follow up occurred after day 365 due to patient schedules), indicating a significant improvement in primary unassisted patency.